Key Definitions & Frameworks
(Lattuca, L. & Stark, J. (2009) Shaping the college curriculum: Academic plans in context. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.)
- The intended curriculum is the documented, official plan -- or what faculty hope students will learn.
- The achieved curriculum includes knowledge, skills and attitudes that are truly learned and remembered.
(Cuban, L. (1992). Curriculum stability and change. In Jackson, Philip (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Curriculum. American Educational Research Association)
Assessment can be helpful in better understanding alignment between an intended and achieved curriculum.
Goals & Objectives
- For more information on writing clear and measurable goals and objectives, see https://cetl.uconn.edu/student-learning-objectives/
- For examples of learning objectives at different levels of Bloom's taxonomy, see https://cft.vanderbilt.edu//
Outcomes & Competencies
- For information about writing useful outcome measures, see oire.uconn.edu/.
- For more information about competencies, see http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/COPs/Pages_documents/Competencies/Further_Reading/CompetCurDevZhou.pdf
- For examples of common learning outcomes for university students, see the American Association of Colleges & Universities (AAC&U) essential learning outcomes and The Lumina Foundation's Degree Qualifications Profile.
Curriculum Map or Matrix
- For more information about the curriculum mapping process, see "Curriculum Mapping in Higher Education: A Vehicle for Collaboration" and this helpful website at the University of Hawaii at Manoa:
- For examples of curriculum maps, see this sample business map.
- For resources about benchmarking, see http://www.learningoutcomeassessment.org/benchmarking.html.
This step-by-step overview discusses how to create a mission statement, which can be a useful foundational document to guide the development of a program's goals and objectives.
CRLT Services for Curriculum Design
- review their current curricula,
- develop new curricular offerings, and
- evaluate the results of curricular changes.